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Grass – Species Description

Grass

 

 

 

TALL FESCUE

Tall fescue, Festuca arundinacea Schreb., is a cool season, bunch-type turfgrass. It has an extensive root system that allows it to have excellent tolerance to heat and drought stress. Tall fescue also has excellent wear resistance, will persist in full sun to partial shade and has low maintenance requirements. It has a medium green color and medium-wide leaf texture which is coarser than perennial ryegrass or Kentucky bluegrass.

PERENNIAL RYEGRASS

Perennial ryegrass, Lolium perenne L., is a cool season, bunch-type turfgrass. It has a dark green color and a fine leaf texture and is adapted to full sun but also has good shade tolerance. It is quick and easy to establish and is adapted to a wide range of soil conditions.

KENTUCKY BLUEGRASS

Kentucky bluegrass, Poa pratensis L., is a cool season turfgrass that spreads by rhizomes and tillers which enables it to form a dense sod. It has excellent mowing quality and will grow in full sun to light shade. Kentucky bluegrass has a dark green color, fine leaf texture, good wear tolerance and excellent cold tolerance. During extreme periods of heat and drought, it may go dormant with growth continuing as moisture becomes available and heat subsides.

CHEWINGS FESCUE

Chewings fescue, Festuca rubra L. ssp. commutata Guad., is a cool season, bunch-type, fine fescue turfgrass. It has very good shade and drought tolerance and fair traffic tolerance. Chewings fescue has low fertility and maintenance requirements and will tolerate a wide range of soil pH. Chewings fescue is very similar to creeping red fescue but does not have rhizome development.

HARD FESCUE

Hard fescue, Festuca longifolia Thuill., is a cool season, non- creeping, bunch-type, fine fescue turfgrass. It has low fertility and maintenance requirements and will tolerate a wide range of soil pH. Hard fescue has very good shade and drought tolerance and will grow in a wide range of soil conditions.

CREEPING RED FESCUE

Creeping red fescue, Festuca rubra L., is a cool season, fine fescue turfgrass with a tillering, rhizome spreading type root structure. It has very good shade and drought tolerance and fair traffic tolerance. Creeping red fescue has low fertility and maintenance requirements and will tolerate a wide range of soil pH. It is very similar to Chewings fescue but does spread from rhizomes.

ANNUAL RYEGRASS

Annual Ryegrass, Lolium multiflorum Lam., is a cool season, bunch-type turfgrass that tillers profusely. It is coarse textured, has an upright growth habit and a light green color. Annual ryegrass is very quick to establish and will grow on poor or compacted soils. This is an ANNUAL grass. It is not intended for permanent lawns but is often used in permanent grass seed mixtures to provide quick cover and serve as a nurse crop to help the permanent grass species develop.

 

 

 

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Be sure to check back to www.agway.com for more information, projects and tips. Visit yourlocal Agway where you’ll find everything you need, year-round, for your home, lawn, garden, farm, pet and wild birding needs. Each Agway location is independently owned and operated and as such products and pricing vary by store.

Propane Heater Safety

On a cold day, nothing beats turning up the heat with a portable heater at the campsite, workshop or tailgate party, and a gas-fueled heater can literally be a lifesaver in emergency situations. Propane and LP heaters are safe and efficient, but as with any heat source, common sense should tell you to follow a few safety tips to protect yourself and others while you use them.

Two people enjoy the heat from their portable propane heater while sitting just outside their RV camper.

General Tips

  • Rule no. 1 when using any gas-fueled device: If you ever suspect a gas leak, turn off the gas supply at the source (only if it’s safe to do so) and exit the area immediately. Don’t use phones, lighters or anything else that could produce a spark until you’ve evacuated. Call emergency personnel after reaching a safe distance, and do not re-enter the area until they give the all-clear.
  • Another common-sense precaution: The surfaces of portable heaters and the air blowing out of them can be very hot; take care not to burn yourself while near the heater, don’t set it up in areas of high foot traffic, use caution around the heater while wearing any loose-fitting clothes, and keep children and pets away.
  • If you are going to use a portable heat source in an enclosed area, such as a porch or for indoor emergency heat, be sure to choose a heater designed for that purpose. These models will have safety features such as an automatic shutoff if the unit is tipped over and low-oxygen sensors (to shut off the unit if oxygen levels in the area dip too low). Do not leave a running heater unattended or use it while sleeping.
  • Some portable heaters can be used outdoors, but generally they are not designed to be left out in the elements for long periods of time or used in wet conditions. Do not operate heaters that have been submerged underwater or damaged. If you suspect that your heater may have been damaged or is otherwise not operating properly, have it inspected and repaired by a qualified technician. Unusual smells during operation, unexpected shutoffs, smoking or excessive flame length extending outside of the heater may all be signs that service is needed.
  • Before starting the heater each time, make sure it’s clean and inspect it for excessive dust, dirt or spider webs that may interfere with its function. Check your owner’s manual for maintenance recommendations and/or have your heater serviced periodically by a qualified technician.

Fuel it safely

  • Before buying fuel for your heater, check your heater’s operating manual for the recommended fuel type and cylinder size, type and capacity. Never try to use a fuel source that your heater wasn’t designed for.
  • Propane and LP fuels have a man-made odor agent added to them that smells like rotten eggs, a skunk’s spray or a dead animal (this odor agent is what gives propane its distinctive smell). Some people may have difficulty smelling the odor agent, so consider purchasing a propane gas detector for added security.
  • Every time you connect your heater to its fuel supply, check for any gas leaks and inspect connection points and hoses for damage or wear. If you suspect that you smell gas, apply soapy water to connections between hoses and the unit and cylinder and look for bubbling, listen for the hiss of escaping gas and/or touch the cylinder to feel it for extreme cold. If the connections or cylinder is leaking, do not light the heater!
  • Propane or LP heaters typically burn very efficiently but do use some oxygen from surrounding air. Make sure you operate the heater in an area with adequate ventilation. The amount of ventilation needed depends on the type and size of heater you have, so check your heater’s operating manual for specific recommendations.
  • When used without adequate combustion or ventilation, portable heaters may give off excessive carbon monoxide, an odorless, poisonous gas. Early signs of carbon monoxide poisoning are similar to flu-like symptoms, including headache, dizziness and nausea. If you feel any of these symptoms, the heater may not be working properly. Get to fresh air at once!
  • When turning off the heater, always shut the gas supply off on the cylinder. The manufacturers of some models recommend that you close the gas supply and allow the heater to use up the fuel in the supply line until the heater shuts off.
  • When the fuel source is connected to the heater, they both must be stored outside in a well-ventilated area. For longer-term storage, completely disconnect the fuel source from the heater. A disconnected heater should be stored indoors or another weather-protected location, but fuel cylinders should always be stored outside.

Fire prevention tips

As with any heat source, portable propane or LP heaters may present a fire hazard if not used properly.

  • Keep the heater away from any flammable materials, and don’t store extra LP or propane cylinders anywhere near the heater while it’s in operation.
  •  The amount of clearance that a heater needs depends on its type and size, so check your owner’s manual for specific recommendations; it’s always better to be safe and allow for plenty of space around the top and sides of the heater.
  • Always place it on a non-flammable surface, such as a concrete floor, during operation.

 

Article and Photo Courtesy of Mr. Heater

 

 

 


AgwayBe sure to check back to www.agway.com for more information, projects and tips. Visit your local Agway where you’ll find everything you need, year-round, for your home, lawn, garden, farm, pet and wild birding needs. Each Agway location is independently owned and operated and as such products and pricing vary by store.

- See more at: http://agway.com/know_how/lawn_and_garden/heating/portable_propane_heater_safety.html#sthash.SYr0DKkw.dpuf

Top 9 Contestants in Agway’s Top Dog of Cape Cod Contest

These awesome pups were invited to strut their stuff on the Red Carpet at Agway’s 20th Anniversary party on Saturday, July 20th.  See their contest entries, in no particular order.

Note: 123 Entries were submitted and narrowed down to 10 top contestants to compete in the finale. All 10 confirmed attendance for the finale, but due to unforeseeable circumstances one was not able to attend on Saturday. So we had 9 top contestants in the finale.
 

GLACIER

 

Name:Miranda Kielpinski

City:Brewster

Glacier is a majestic dog that loves all animals without one mean bone in his body. He is not afraid of a adventure. Glacier enjoys a lot of exercise , and is a perfect companion. He enjoys his life on beautiful cape cod, and is my best friend.

 

 

 

 

VIXEN

Meet Vixen, 3rd Place winner of Agway’s Top Dog of Cape Cod contest!

Name:Alexander Mejía-Johnson

City:Hyannis

VIXEN: The name says it all…Vivacious, vibrant, and venturesome. With a sleek orange coat, foxy face, athletic built, and bold demeanor, she’s a fine specimen of dog. I was spellbound the moment I laid eyes on this femme fatale, and knew she had to be mine. An adopted Australian cattle dog mix, Vixen may not be purebred, but her spirit is pure canine. She’s a confident wolf, a clever fox, a mischievous coyote, a cunning dingo, a devoted jackal. Vixen is a mongrel that invokes her wild instincts, but espouses all the great qualities of a companion animal. Her intelligence and unbridled exuberance never ceases to amaze me. She’s a rambunctious rascal; energetic, active and agile. She’s a fearless warrior, eager to tackle anything that piques her curiosity. An adventurous, inquisitive explorer, the world is truly her playground. Vixen is a walking contradiction on all fours that always keeps me on my toes. One moment, independent, crafty, and aloof. The next, obedient and doting…showering with kisses and begging for belly-rubs. She is truly her own individual…less of my pet, more of my partner. She’s my companion, friend, confidant, therapist, teacher…my equal. To paraphrase Roger Caras, Vixen is not my whole life, but she makes my life whole. This is why Vixen should be ‘Top Dog’ of Cape Cod. Because like the rising tides of Cape Cod that lift all the boats off the sandy floor, she has lifted my mind, heart, and soul to the top.

 

WELLINGTON

Name:Rosemary Quanitick

City:Brewster
Wellington is named after the gardening boots not the beef or the duke. He is my best friend and constant companion everywhere.his vocabulary is very large, squirrel being his favorite word,where every part of his body goes into instant alert. Around march 5 he has a benefit birthday party,about20 of his friends come . they all bring him cash,checks, crates,blankets even kitty litter boxes as gifts which he divides up between the Brewster animal rescue leaque and wildcare. For his birthday he does get a meatloafcake with mashed potato frosting and wellington written in pupperonies. Everyone gets to wear homemade hats and Hawaiian lai’s and goes for a good long walk. Wellington loves everyone and loves to try everything sledding,tobogganing and going to the firebirds base ball games,where everyonr comes over to greet him. When someone goes out to far swimming ,he goes out to rescue them and gives them his tail to hold onto. The rest of the time he just rides in the front of my car with his paw on my shoulder and I look up at him and just smile.

 

JASPER

Winner!  Meet Jasper, THE Top Dog of Cape Cod

Name:Sophia Gianniotis

City:Harwich

 

Jasper is, without a doubt, the complete “Cape Cod dog” package. He lives on a cranberry bog which he frequents for muskrat and frog hunting, and is happiest on the beach. He isn’t one of those neurotic beach dogs that only want to dig or chase the ball for hours. Instead, he is a renaissance beach dog, swimming, playing, running, digging, finding dead things, saying hi to other people and dogs.
On the porch in the evenings, he keeps watch over our 7 acre farm in Harwich.
Jasper hasersonality in spades, from the way he “smiles” when he greets someone he knows and loves, to his ability to pick berries off the vine by himself. He is a steadfast companion and absolutely our “top dog”.

 

LILAH

 

 

 

Name:Ryan Birchall Campbell

City:Orleans

Meet Lilah! She is a 6 year old Bernese Mt Dog who is the sweetest, most loyal dog I have known. Since a pup, she has only wanted to please me. She learned tricks and commands so quickly when she realized they earned her praise and attention from me. When she was two, we took the Companion Animal Program course to become a therapy dog team and she lights up the faces of the elderly she visits. When my husband brought home a kitten, she quickly became his guardian. When we brought home 4 littleducklings, they followed her around everywhere and she would lick them clean and lay in the kiddie pool with them. Now with our two year old son, he cuddles up in her belly and reads her books, sneaks her snacks under the table and quickly positions herself between him and other dogs at Kent’s.
Last September, she was hit by a car, chasing a squirrel. It was the scariest moment, but after several nights in the hospital, several screws in her pelvis and many weeks of recovery, she is nearly 100%.
Lilah is the most most beautiful, lovable, sweet tempered, obliging dog ever. A true gentle giant. Top dog in my heart forever.

 

 

 

 

 

 

SHEA

Shea, Runner Up in Agway’s Top Dog of Cape Cod Contest!

Name:Jim Falcone

City:Wellfleet

Shea, owned by Courtney Falcone, is not your basic Cape Cod bathing beauty. She’s not a sleek Black Lab running around with a cutesy red bandana, or a pretty Golden strutting around with her nose held high in the air, nor is she a “Doodle” the just seems to have it all. Shea is a working girl and proud of it. She uses her 185lbs, (big boned girl) to help tow a sled full of our famous Wellfleet Oysters off our shellfish grant. Never worry about a little mud on her fur…not to mention what that does to her manicure…she does it all without a whimper. Shea as you can see from the photo has a passion for gardening. She always insists on purchasing not only her food, but all her gardening needs from Agway! Please give a working girl a chance…she truly is a “Top Dog”.

 

ELLAName:Joann Brady

City:Sagamore Beach

 

Ella is a Tennessee rescue who became a Cape Cod puppy two years ago. She brings so much love to everyone she meets and everything she does and will do anything if it means she will be with her family. She loves Cape Cod, hiking in the woods, walking the canal and kayaking but she cannot swim so she has her own life preserver. She has managed to raise over $1000.00 in two years for the ARL of Brewster and this year won the kissing contest. We do all of our pet food shopping for her, her sisters and brother at the Dennis Agway and she loves visiting all of her “girls” there.

 

 

LUCKYName:Jessica MacManus

City:Eastham

 

This regal gentleman isn’t just a pretty face. Lucky is the sweetest, most gentle and loving dog you can imagine. A true Cape Codder through and through, Lucky loves the beach. He swims along after my kayak for hours, and people often warn me that a bear is following behind.
This gentle giant was originally adopted to be a guard dog, and instead my marshmallow helps me foster kittens, clings to my side during thunderstorms, and gets pushed around by the cat. Lucky has been a constant companionthroughout the last decade. He traveled west with me for grad school, and couldn’t be happier to return to the Cape to settle down and be a beach bum. He is Cape Cod’s Top Dog!

 

G-WILLIKER

Name:Tommy Dott

City:Barnstable

 

Meet G. Willikers. He is one of our 4 fuzzy kids. Although he is our “problem child”, G. Willi is the most lovable dog of our home, which is a pet-friendly inn (Lamb and Lion Inn). As a puppy, G. Willi was the smallest dog our vet had ever seen (think “black tennis ball”). He had a pushed-in nose, a spaced-out stare, and he was so dark that he disappeared regularly. Well, his nose eventually popped out, and like many of us he has a little white mixed in (making him easier to find), but he’s still spaced out, the poor thing. He loves to explore the hallways and usually ends up in a guest’s room. He loves to be chased up and down the inn’s long hallways and the guests get him to spin for them (his only trick–he’s a spinning lunatic). We ask our guests to deliver the little space cadet back regularly, and warn them not to let G. Willi kiss them–chances are he ate a dead worm for lunch.
We’re hoping to relieve our tremendous guilt with an “Agway’s Top Dog” win. Countless people over G. Willikers’ 11 years have asked us “Why don’t you get him into TV or movies?” We just didn’t, and feel like we missed a huge opportunity to get G. Willi the fame he so richly deserves. Although Agway ain’t Hollywood, we believe it’s just the ego boost this little old dog needs

Soil Testing: An Important Gardening Tool

Soil Testing: An Important Gardening Tool

Soil testing is a tool that guides gardeners. Test results indicate the need to adjust soil pH and nutrient levels for optimum plant growth. Often soil tests save money. Soil testing is a free service at Agway of Cape Cod

What Is a Soil Test?

A soil test is a measure of the soil’s ability to supply nutrients to growing plants. This analysis provides a guide to the soil pH and nutrient levels. This helps gardeners determine the right amount of lime and the type of fertilizer needed to grow the desired turf grasses and crops.

Why is soil pH So Important?

Soils change constantly. Erosion, leaching, growing and harvesting crops affect the availability of soil nutrients. A soil test indicates the current fertility and pH levels. If the soil pH level is too high or too low, plants will not be able to effectively use fertilizer nutrients. This means fertilizers are wasted when the proper soil pH is not maintained.

Many plants grow well over a wide range of soil pH as long as other growing conditions are ideal. Some plants, however, grow best within a narrow pH range. The soil pH test kit is an easy way to determine if a soil is acidic, neutral or alkaline. The pH scale is much like reading a thermometer with the range of alkaline and acidic materials divided into 14 points. Some plants (rhododendrons, azaleas, blueberries) like to grow in acidic soil with pH levels below 7.0. Most flowers, ornamental shrubs, trees, vegetables and turf grasses grow best in slightly acidic soils with a pH level between 6.1 and 6.9.

The availability of most soil nutrients is greatest at a pH near 6.5. When pH rises above this level, trace elements such as iron, manganese, copper and zinc become less available to plants. When the pH level falls below 6.5, calcium and molybdenum become less available.

When to Sample Soil

Test your soil every 3 to 4 years unless there is a particular problem or reason for a closer check on soil fertility. Soil samples can be collected and tested any season when soil conditions allow. Such tests are easily done with home soil test kits from Agway.

Steps In Taking a Soil Sample

1. Remove top debris, mulch or thatch from the area to be sampled.

2. Take soil from the appropriate level for the plants growing there. Flower, vegetable and landscape areas: sample 6-8 inches deep. Lawn areas: sample 2-3 inches deep.

3. Sample when soils are suitable for digging, but not soggy.

4. Sample plantings of specific types separately (i.e., sample rhododendron plantings separately from roses or vegetables).

5. Use a spade or trowel to make a hole at the proper depth and throw out the first spade full of soil.

6. Then cut a 1/2-1 inch thick slices of soil from the back of the hole and place within a clean plastic container. Repeat 5 or 6 times at different locations within the test area.

7. Thoroughly mix all the slices and allow to dry naturally.

8. When dry, take 2 cups of the composite sample and put in a clean plastic or glass container.

9. Closely follow the testing instructions found on the test kit.

What Do the Soil Test Results Mean?

The test results indicate the existing pH and nutrient levels. Ask your Agway dealer to recommend fertilizer and lime applications for specific plantings.

Test pH at Agway of Cape Cod

Cape Cod Grass Seed Guide